Social factors

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  • There is positive political, institutional and financial commitment to tribal development, but there is a large scale displacement and biological decline of Adivasi communities.
  • In the rich mineral belt of Jharkhand, the Adivasi population has dropped from around 60% in 1911 to 27.67% in 1991.
  • Adivasi populations suffer disproportionately from India’s modernization.
  • They are increasingly becoming migrant laborers, a process which tears at the social fabric of their communities.
  • Developments have driven out vast numbers of Adivasis from the rural areas to seek out a living in urban slums.
  • One rough estimate is that there are 40,000 tribal domestic working women in Delhi alone.
  • There are 52% below the poverty line and 54% have no access to economic assets related to communication and transport.”
  • The Adivasi literacy rate was 29.6% in 2001 with female literacy a stunningly low 18.2%.  This is far below that of the country as a whole (52.2%) .
  • “Whether it is maternal and child mortality, size of agricultural holdings or access to drinking water and electricity, tribal communities lag far behind the general population.”
  • There is a growing loss of genetic and cultural diversity and destruction of a rich resource base leading to rising trends of shrinking forests, crumbling fisheries, increasing unemployment, hunger and conflicts.
About the Adivasi | Adivasi Environmental Factors