Kenyan Green Belt movement founder: Wangari Maathai who wrote ‘Trees of peace’

Human disturbance and forest diversity in the Tansa Valley, India

Species in Tungareshwar and neighbouring areas:

MAMMALS | Leopard, rusty spotted cat, common palm civet, jackal, fox, sambar, barking deer, common langur, common mongoose, black-naped hare

BIRDS | 150 species of birds, including common kestrel, peregrine falcon, crested serpent eagle, hornbill, grey jungle fowl

FLORA | 500 species of plants

Newspaper articles:

Heritage of Tansa Valley

Tiger spotted in Sanjay Gandhi National Park

More space for park leopards

Workers sleeping in the open attract leopards

Mumbai’s animal kingdom in decline

Dead leopard found

Dead leopard found 2

Accounts by nature enthusiasts:

Around Tungureshwar 1

Around Tungarehswar 2

Tungareshwar WLS – A Monsoon Trails Report

From: Bombay Natural History Society CENTENARY JOURNAL

I have been to Tungareshwar often and it  seems impossible to believe that the thick glades, flowing waters and vibrant wildlife 
can co-exist within a stone's throw from a bustling highway and human disturbance. 
But nature is alive here. No sooner do you enter its confines that birdsong fills your 
ears and botanists could ask for few better examples of a moist evergreen forest. 

When I trekked to the highest point (570m)  I saw the canopy stretch northward towards 
the Tansa valley and I prayed that better sense would prevail and that the fragile 
corridors connecting Tungareshwar with Tansa would be restored, rather than 

Studded with deciduous patches that only add to the biodiversity value, Tungareshwar 
harbours perennial water sources and this is why wildlife densities are likely to be high, 
provided we are able to offer the area the peace and seclusion it needs. 

Records in the BNHS suggest that the forest hosts over than 600 species of plants, over 250 species of birds, 150 
species of butterflies, over 36 species of herpetofauna and many more yet to be documented. The area is also important for 
owl moths from the genus Olhreis (seven species). It is also the largest breeding site for the atlas moth Attacus alias around 
Mumbal. The leopard Panthera pardus is the predominant predator and thrives on spotted 
deer Axis axis, barking deer Muntiacus muntjak and sambar Cervus unicolor. It was as recently as May 2003 that a tiger 

Panthera tigris was reported from Tungareshwar. 

Besides its immensely high biodiversity potential, this magical forest also acts as vital catchment 
area, which helps to recharge thousands of freshwater wells in the Vasai Taluka. The water 
security of this entire region depends on this forest and its natural surrounds.