These show the problem is increasing…
* increasing CO2 per capita.
The economy is increasing and will be the 2nd highest by 2020. As prosperity increases so does consumerism and the correlating environmental impact.
With 500 cars registered every day in Mumbai alone (Mumbai has only 2% of India’s population), this equates to 175,000 more cars on the road per year. Sales of mobile phones indicates the increase in prosperity with 2008 annual sales reaching 120 million phones sold.
The population is rapidly accelerating and catching up with China. India now has a population of 1.2 billion.
In India, in 2006 CO2 emissions per capita were 1.3 tonnes per annum (already up from 0.8t/person in 1990). for the population, this equates to 1.5 billion tonnes of CO2 per year.
Even if the population didn’t grow, per capita levels are increasing with the rise in the economy. When we compare per capital levels to a prosperous country such as the UK at 9.8 t/CO2 per annum, the environmental impact is huge. The UK with it’s population of 58 million creates 0.5 bn tonnes of CO2 per year.
If India reached the same consumption levels and CO2 emissions per capita as the UK, the net impact for India as a whole would lead to an extra 10 billion tonnes of CO2 per year.