Analog Forest

Analog Forestry Project Structure Outline

The Analog Forestry project at Saha Astitva will follow the following principles during its planning and implementation stages;

  1. Following the ecological succession stages of the local forest. Planting grasses, shrubs, and trees of different seral stages to increase the sustainability of the forest.
  2. Plantation must be biodiverse in what is planted and what appears naturally.
  3. Analog Forest must be linked through a corridor to the local forest.
  4. There must be a mix of income generating as well as ecologically functioning important tree plantation.

Regeneration of degraded lands requires sustained inputs over time and involves several different phases. The following are the stages of planning for the regeneration of degraded land into an analog forestry;

Stage 1: Survey and Information Gathering (land slope, presence of water bodies and their drainage patterns soil and water quality testing, present vegetative growth, animal presence and behaviours, ecosystem assessment, trophic levels and food chains etc.)

Stage 2: Mapping (different kinds of maps related to topography, water, vegetation, people influence, climate influence, demarcation of boundaries, etc.)

Stage 3: Modeling (mapping out of prospective planting areas and planting plans for each area, collecting information for all types of vegetation to be planted and present for mixed planting)

Stage 4: Implementation of Projected Plan

Implementation involves the following steps in the following years;

Year 1 Actions Required:

  1. Creation of Nursery: Involves sourcing seeds, seedling, saplings, propagation, nutrient and water maintenance. Nursery should be able to accommodate 200-300 saplings.
  2. Fencing the Area: The entire area under consideration for the project must be fenced in order to minimize and eliminate activities such as grazing, trampling by foot/bullock cart, cutting of wood, etc.
  3. Channeling the Waterways: Drainage for seasonal streams should be made more permanent in a manner that creates small pools rather than large marsh areas in monsoon since not many of the local trees can survive in wet conditions. This is most needed in plantation areas A and C.
  4.  Plantation in Wet Areas: Plantation areas A, and C can be planted with Banana, Papaya, Mango and Jamun intercropped with seasonal vegetables, cereals, or grains.
  5. Plantation in Dry and Slopped Areas: Planting areas B and F can be planted with Cashew, Drumstick, Amla and Karvanda (shrub)
  6. Regenerating the Land: In order to increase nutrient value of soil in various parts of the land, tur dal, and other hardy legumes. Leguminous trees such as glyricidia, sesbania, and cassia can also be planted as long as they can be controlled through pruning.
  7. Irrigation Facilities: Planned methods for efficient irrigation of all income generating vegetation as per their requirements.

Year 2 Actions Required:

  1. Maintenance of Plantation Areas: Irrigation, mulching, fertilization, pest and weed control.
  2. Plantation Pre-Monsoon: Leguminous crop plantation in all open areas, new seedlings and saplings can also be planted one month before the beginning of heavy rainfall.
  3. Plantation Along the Stream: Coconut can be planted along the nala intercropped with turmeric
  4. Plantation of Forest Tree Species: Tall trees such as Jackfruit, Mahua and other pioneer forest species can be planted towards the outside edge of the land and closer to the forest boundary.
  5. Boundary Plantation: Bamboo can be planted along the edges of the land area along with other fencing plants such as Karvanda, Agave, Mehendi etc.
  6. Creating Paths: Walkways and trails can be created for ease of access for watering as well as for conducting nature walks.

Year 3 Actions Required:

  1. Continuation of new planting and maintenance of growing vegetation
  2. Assessment of progress of project through comparison with the principles assigned for the project.
  3. Creation of pathways, streams, ponds, seating etc.
  4. Taking further steps based on progress achieved.


The following information required to be continually collected and updated:

  1. Vegetation Present (Photographed and Documented)
  2. Costs and Budgeting
  3.  Implementation Log – Activity/Effort/People/Money